CPAP or Constant Positive Airway Pressure is actually a mode of artificial ventilation of the lungs with the development of positive pressure in the airways after exhalation. Currently, CPAP-treatment therapy is utilized for the management of snoring, obstructive sleep apnea treatment, arterial hypertension, heart diseases, daytime sleepiness, obesity, impote-nce, sleep problems, and depression. Just how can 睡眠呼吸機 cure numerous conditions? It is actually thought that all of these illnesses are closely associated with a disturbance of normal sleep.
Why is Sleep so Important?
Sleep helps your body to unwind from your stress that one is faced each day. During sleep, hormonal regulation happens in the body. Some hormones secrete only during sleep, and some hormones secrete only after sleep. Therefore, if sleep is impaired, it results in a disturbance in the hormonal balance and central nervous system transmitters, which ultimately causes the creation of various psychological and physical diseases. The primary cause of disturbance of normal sleep is apnea.
Sleep apnea is an deficiency of pulmonary ventilation while asleep for over 10 seconds, that is described as decreasing of oxygen saturation in the blood (SaO2) by 4% or even more. Usually, sleep apnea will last for 20-half a minute, nevertheless, in severe cases it can last for 2-3 minutes. The number of episodes of apnea may often be approximately 60% of the total nighttime sleep. Regular apnea (usually not under 10-15 times in a hour) is known as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The key signs of the obstructive apnea syndrome are daytime sleepiness, deterioration of memory and intelligence affecting capability to work as well as a constant sensation of fatigue.
The key cause of obstructive obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is definitely an obstruction in the upper airways. Obstruction of the upper airways means that air cannot get into the lungs there is oxygen deprivation from the whole organism.
CPAP – The reason why it Used?
Constant positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an excellent way of treating obstructive apnea syndrome. CPAP-therapy was brought to clinical practice in 1981 by an Australian physician and Professor. Colin Sullivan for the treatment of obstructive obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
The mechanism of action of the CPAP device is fairly simple. A little compressor is used for creating constant ventilation under a certain pressure within the airways during exhalation by way of a flexible tube and a nose mask. It is also used a humidifier which offers moisturizing and heats the air which enters the airways. This gadget will not allow the upper airways to become obstructed because of the constant positive air pressure and eliminates the key reason for the obstructive obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
CPAP-therapy for patients with obstructive apnea syndrome is now universally accepted. Before prescribing CPAP-therapy, a Polysomnography is required or quite simply a Sleep Study. Polysomnography is really a medical study of a patient’s sleep with the use of specialized computer systems. Polysomnography allows calculating the apnea index and determining the seriousness of the ailment.
The apnea index will be the frequency of apnea episodes during one hour of sleep. Apnea index determines the severity of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The apnea index is regarded as pathologically qtzdwy if there are more than 20 apnea episodes each hour, no matter the presence or deficiency of clinical symptoms. By the way, a lot more than 5 attacks of apnea episodes are considered to be threatening for an individual using a gradual progression of daytime drowsiness, memory impairment, psycho-emotional disorders, insomnia, progression of cardiovascular diseases (arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease or stroke), and disturbance of cardiac rhythm.
CPAP – How is it Used?
The initial session of CPAP-treatments are performed on the next night after having a diagnostic polysomnography. The goal of the very first CPAP session is always to choose the minimum air pressure that eliminates obstructive apnea, snoring along with other respiratory disturbances in all positions from the body as well as in all stages of sleep. During the first session of CPAP-therapy, the minimum group of parameters will likely be recorded: electroencephalography, electrooculography, electromyography, chest and abdominal movements, body position, snoring, electrocardiography, blood saturation. These parameters allow you to determine the job of the brain as well as the stage of sleep, which excludes the potential of insufficient air pressure through undiagnosed wakefulness episodes.
The “golden rule” is to use CPAP machine every night during the whole time of sleep. Patients often follow this recommendation in severe kinds of obstructive sleep apnea. In cases like this, it comes with an improvement in the standard of sleep and daytime activity. Inside the mild and moderate types of the ailment, the irritating effect in the mask and airflow may sometimes decrease the caliber of sleep, nevertheless, there is a clear positive impact on daytime activity and on numerous other symptoms. One of the important benefits of CPAP-treatments are the absence of side effects.
Of course, sometimes initially, just like any approach to treatment, there might be side effects. Among the most common complaints, this may be irritation on the skin under the mask (about 50%), dryness from the mucous membrane from the nose and pharynx (about 30%), nasal congestion or rhinorrhea (about 25%), eye irritation (about 25%). However, these symptoms are not serious, they eventually disappear and never hinder the continuation of treatment. The usage of much more comfortable masks and heating moisturizers effectively eliminates all these side effects.
Also, there are some recommendations the best way to eliminate these unpleasant effects within the treatment:
1. To make use of CPAP-therapy every day through the first 4-5 hours of sleep. During this period of your time, you have the deepest dream and negative effects from CPAP-therapy tend not to disturb the sufferer. Then inside the other half of sleep once the dream becomes superficial and also the mask or airflow actually starts to interfere, the mask can be taken off and slept without this. It is important to admit the positive effect of treatment – decreasing the concentration of snoring and decreasing the quantity of apnea episodes continues during the rest of the night.
2. To make use of CPAP-therapy with short breaks for 1-2 days. It is an intermittent utilization of CPAP-therapy. It is strongly recommended to use CPAP-therapy at least 70% in the nocturnal time. It is strongly recommended when there is hypertension or any other cardiovascular diseases. Also, CPAP-therapy should be performed when a significant dose of alcohol or perhaps a sleeping pill was taken before sleep.
Despite the actual existence of such minor negative effects, 睡眠呼吸機 is the most effective way of treating obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
The use of CPAP-therapy has created an enormous contribution to solving the situation of therapy for cardiovascular disorders and other diseases and contains triggered a dramatic improvement from the quality and prognosis in the humans’ life.